Family members in Arabic.

Family is at the center of Arab culture, and it is considered the cornerstone of society. Arab families are typically characterized by a strong sense of unity, loyalty, and respect for traditional values.

Family” in Arabic is “العائلة” (pronounced “al-‘a’ila”). In Arabic culture

 Family members are expected to support and care for one another, and there is a strong emphasis on maintaining close relationships within the family unit.

The Arabic language also has many words and phrases that reflect the importance of family, such as “أهل” (pronounced “ahl”), which means “people” or “family members”, and “الأسرة” (pronounced “al-usrah”), which means “the family” or “the household.”

In this blog, we will discuss the different members of an Arab family.

In Arab culture, there are two types of family structures.

· Here are the two types of family member structures in Arab culture:

1)      Small family:

Small Family Members in Arabic:

This is the most basic family structure in Arab society, consisting of a married couple and their children. The nuclear family is typically viewed as the foundation of Arab society.

Small Family Members in Arabic


Q: What is the word for “Parents” in Arabic?

The word for “parents” in Arabic is “الوالدين” (pronounced “al-waalidayn”).

Q: What is the word for “Siblings” in Arabic?

 The word for “siblings” in Arabic is “الأشقاء” (pronounced “al-ashqaa'”).

2)      Extended family:

In this type of family structure, several generations of family members live together under the same roof, often including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.

 The extended family provides a support system for its members and helps to maintain cultural traditions and values.

Extended family Members in Arabic:

Cousin (male, Father side)ابن عمIbn am
Cousin (female, Father side)بنت عمBint am
Maternal uncleخالKhal
Maternal auntخالةKhalah
Cousin (female, Mother side)ابن الخالIbn alkal
Cousin (female, Mother side)بنت الخالBint alkal
Nephew(brother’s son)ابن الأخIbnu Al-Akh
Nephew(sister’s son)ابن الأختIbnu Al-Ukht
Niece(brother’s daughter)ابنة الأخIbnatu Al-Akh
Niece(sister’s daughter)ابنة الأختIbnatu Al-Ukht
    Extended family

What is the word for “Grandparents” in Arabic?

A: In Arabic, grandparents are referred to as “الجدّ والجدّة” (pronounced “al-jadd wa al-jaddah”).

·  Now let’s look at Spouses and In-laws Terminology in Arabic:

The Arabic language has specific words and phrases to describe spouses and in-laws, let’s get to know her:

Daughter-in-Lawزوجة الابنZawjat al-ibn
Spouses and In-laws in Arabic

Before marriage, it is said to the spouses:

1.       خاطب (Khaatib) :

 Referring to the man who has engaged.

2.       مخطوبة (Mukhtubah) :

 Referring to the woman who has been engaged.

3.       خطوبة (Khutbah) :

 Referring to the Engagement itself.

· Here are some common questions you might receive about Your Family in Arabic:

Arabic QuestionEnglish TranslationPronunciation
ما هو اسم أبيك؟What is your father’s name?Ma huwa ismu Abiik?
ما هو اسم أمك؟What is your mother’s name?Ma huwa ismu amk?
هل عندك أخوة أو أخوات؟Do you have any brothers or sisters?Hal indaka akhawa aw akhawat?
كم عدد أفراد عائلتك؟How many family members do you have?Kam ‘adad ‘afraad ‘a’ilaatik?
هل لديك أولاد؟Do you have children?Hal ladayk awlaad?
من هو الأكبر في عائلتك؟Who is the oldest in your family?Man huwa al-akbar fi ‘a’ilaatik?
هل تزوجت بعد؟Have you been married?Hal tazawwajt ba’d?
Common Questions for Arabic Families

· Family Tree: In Arabic Culture.

It is called “شجرة العائلة” (pronounced “shajarat al-aa’ila”).

 In Arabic culture, family is considered an important and integral part of one’s identity, and tracing one’s ancestry and lineage is highly valued.

 Family trees are often depicted graphically, showing the lineage of an individual or a family, and can go back many generations.

This helps people to understand their ancestry and heritage, and to identify with their family’s history and traditions. The concept of family tree is also important in genealogy and inheritance matters.

An example of a family tree:


Q1:  What are some common family traditions in Arabic culture?

Arabic families have a rich tradition of customs and practices, including special occasions such as weddings, births, and religious holidays. Family members may also gather for regular meals and social events, and storytelling, music, and dance are often important parts of family gatherings.

Q2: What is the importance of hospitality in Arabic families?

 Hospitality is highly valued in Arabic culture, and families take pride in welcoming guests and providing a warm and comfortable environment. Guests are treated with respect and generosity, and it is considered a duty to offer hospitality to anyone who comes to visit.

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The family is the cornerstone of Arab culture, and its members play unique and essential roles in its functioning.

 Each member of the family is valued and respected for their contributions, and their relationships are built on a foundation of love, loyalty, and respect for traditional values.

 Through their support and guidance, Arab families continue to thrive and maintain their unique cultural identity.

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Join 100s of happy learners. This online, self-paced Arabic language course is designed to help you learn the Arabic language in a simple and practicle way.