7 Essential Tips for Learning Arabic Writing: A Beginner’s Guide

Learning to write in Arabic can be a challenging task for beginners, as the language has its own unique script and grammar rules.

 However, with dedication and practice, anyone can master the art of Arabic writing. In this beginner’s guide, we will outline 7 essential tips to help you learn to write in Arabic, from mastering the script and basic grammar to using online resources and getting feedback from native speakers.

 By following these tips, you can build your skills and confidence as a writer in Arabic, and unlock new opportunities for communication and personal growth. Whether you are a student, professional, or language enthusiast, this guide will provide you with the tools you need to start writing in Arabic with confidence.

What are the 7 essential steps for learning to write in Arabic as a beginner?

1)      Learn the Arabic script:       

Learning the Arabic script is the essential first step to writing in Arabic. The script consists of 28 letters, Arabic uses a script that is written from right to left, each with a unique shape and sound.

2)      Comparison of Arabic Letters with Letters in the English language.

Once you have learned the letters and their sounds, you will be able to start forming words and sentences in Arabic.

Here is a table of Arabic letters and their approximate English sounds:

Arabic LetterEnglish SoundExample
اaa as in “father”مالِك (maa-lik)
بb as in “ball”بيت (beit)
تt as in “table”تمر (tamar)
ثth as in “thing”ثمرة (thamrah)
جj as in “jet”جبل (jabal)
حh as in “hello”حديقة (hadeeqah)
خkh as in “khaki”خيار (khiaar)
دd as in “day”دار (daar)
ذth as in “this”ذهب (thahab)
رr as in “red”رجل (rajul)
زz as in “zero”زهرة (zahrah)
سs as in “sun”سماء (samaa)
شsh as in “ship”شمس (shams)
صs as in “saw”صحيفة (sahifah)
ضd as in “door”ضحك (dahka)
طt as in “top”طائر (taa’ir)
ظth as in “thank”ظلام (thulam)
عaa as in “father” (with the mouth open)عين (a’in)
غgh as in “ghost”غزال (ghazaal)
فf as in “fine”فراشة (farasha)
قq as in “queen”قمر (qamar)
كk as in “key”كلب (kalb)
لl as in “love”ليلة (laylah)
مm as in “mother”ماء (maa’)
نn as in “nice”نجمة (najmah)
هh as in “hello”هاتف (haatif)
وw as in “water”وردة (wardah)
يy as in “yes”يد (yad)
Arabic Letters

3)      Learning Diacritical marks (Harakat):

Learn the diacritical marks: Arabic also has diacritical marks, which are used to indicate vowels and other pronunciation features. Some diacritical marks are mandatory, while others are optional. Learn the common ones first.

Here are some of the most common diacritical marks in Arabic:

    Harakat    Pronunciation   
َ  FathaIt is a short diagonal line placed above a letter and pronounced as “a”.The letter ب with fatha becomes بَ which is pronounced as “ba”.
ِ  KasraIt is a short diagonal line placed below a letter and pronounced as “i” or “e”.The letter ت with kasra becomes تِ which is pronounced as “ti”.
ُ  Damma It is a short curved line placed above a letter and pronounced as “u” or “o”The letter ج with damma becomes جُ which is pronounced as “ju”.
ْ  Sukun It is a small circle placed above a letter indicating that the letter should be pronounced without any vowel sound.The letter م with sukun becomes مْ which is pronounced as “m” without any vowel sound.
Diacritical marks (Harakat)

4)      Writing and reading simple words from the learned Arabic letters.

After learning the Arabic script and becoming familiar with the individual letters, the next step to writing in Arabic is to start writing basic words using those letters.

Begin by choosing simple words that you are familiar with, such as the names of family members, colors, and food. Write the words out slowly and carefully, paying attention to the shape.

Start by reading simple texts, such as children’s books, news articles, and short stories

As you become more comfortable with writing simple words, you can begin to practice writing longer sentences and paragraphs.

5)      Analyze texts and put questions on them.

Once you have become comfortable with reading Arabic texts, the next step is to analyze them and put questions on them.

This helps to improve your comprehension skills and deepen your understanding of the language. You can start by identifying key words and phrases, and then asking questions about their meaning, context, and usage.

6)      Speaking and listening to Arabic.

Speaking and listening can help you build your vocabulary and grammar skills, which are essential components of writing in Arabic. Through practice and exposure to the language, you can also develop your confidence in speaking and writing Arabic.

7)      Repeat everyday conversational phrases such as: Greetings.

Repeating everyday conversational phrases in Arabic, such as greetings, can also help you learn to write in Arabic. By listening to and repeating these phrases, you can improve your understanding of the language and its pronunciation.

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It is great, I never thought I would be able to learn this fast, I can already make full sentences and I just did the first few lessons. Great explanation and takes the time to explain. He has also a way to make you learn it faster naturally by the sequence of the lessons… Thank you Mozn! You are a great teacher.
Meli A.


Q1: What are some common challenges when learning Arabic?

Common challenges when learning Arabic include the various dialects that are spoken throughout the Arab world.

Q2: Which Arabic dialect should I learn?

The Arabic dialect you should learn will depend on your goals and where you plan to use the language. Modern Standard Arabic is the most widely spoken dialect and is used in formal settings, while other dialects may be more useful in specific regions or for specific purposes.

Learning Arabic writing can be challenging but also incredibly rewarding. By following the 7 essential tips outlined in this beginner’s guide, you can set yourself on the path to becoming proficient in this beautiful and complex language.

Remember to practice regularly, and stay committed to your goals.

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Join 100s of happy learners. This online, self-paced Arabic language course is designed to help you learn the Arabic language in a simple and practicle way.