Arabic Adjectives

Are an essential part of any language, and the Arabic language is no exception. In Arabic, adjectives play a crucial role in expressing qualities, describing objects, and identifying people, places, or things.

Understanding Arabic adjectives is, therefore, vital for anyone seeking to improve their Arabic language skills.

This blog post aims to introduce readers to the different types of Arabic adjectives, their formation, and their placement in sentences.

1.  A Brief Guide to Arabic Adjectives.

Adjectives are an essential component of the Arabic language, used to describe and modify nouns. However, their proper usage can be tricky, requiring an understanding of specific rules.

Most Common Adjectives in Arabic:

Remember that you can change the gender and number of these adjectives to agree with the noun they describe.

2.Describing Food and Taste

Table of Arabic Adjectives for Describing Food and Taste:

EnglishArabicPronunciation
Delicious, TastyلذيذLaziz
SweetحلوHelw
SourحَامِضHaamidh
SpicyحَارّHaar
SaltyمَالِحMaalih
BitterمُرّMurr
RichغَنِيّGhanii
FreshطَازَجTaazaj
SavoryشَهِيShahii
Describing Food and Taste

Here are some examples of how you can use the Arabic adjectives for describing food and taste:

  • الصَّلْصَة حاره (AL-Salṣah ḥaarh) – Sauce is spicy.
  • السكر حلو (Al-Sukar Hulw) – Sugar is sweet.
  • الخبز طازج (Al-Khubiz Taazaj) – Bread is Fresh.
  • الشَّوْكُولَاتَةِ غَامِقة (Al-Shawkulaatah ghaamiqa) – The Chocolate is dark..
  • رَائِحَة طَيِّبَة (raa’iḥah ṭayyibah) – good smell.

3.Describing personality:

Here are some Arabic adjectives for describing personality:

EnglishArabic wordPronunciation
KindلَطِيفLaṭiif
GenerousكَرِيمKariim
HonestصَادِقSaadiq
BraveشجاعShujaa
FriendlyوَدُودWaduud
CleverذَكِيّDhakiyy
HumorousمُضْحِكMudhhiik
PatientصَبُورSabuur
OptimisticمُتَفَائِلMutafaail
PessimisticمُتَشَائِمMutaschaa’im
AmbitiousطَمُوحTamuuḥ
AdventurousمُغَامِرMughhaamir
WickedشريرSharir
OrganizedمُنَظُّمMunazzam
ShyخَجُولKhajuul
ConfidentوَاثِقWaathiq
IndependentمُستَقِلّMustaqill
Stubbornعَنِيد‘Anid
FlexibleمَرِنMarin
DiligentمُجْتَهِدMujtahid
CleverذكيDhaki
LazyكَسْلَانKaslān
TactfulلَبِقLabiq
ImpulsiveمُتَهَوِّرMutahawwir
CalmهَادِئHaadi’
EmotionalعَاطِفِيّAatifii
StressfulمُجْهِدMujhid
AnxiousقَلِقQaliq
ConfusedمُشْوَشMushwish
CarefreeمرحMareh
SeriousجَدِّيّJaddii
EnergeticنَشِيطNashiit
Laid-backمُرِيحMuriih
InquisitiveفَضُولِيّFudhulii
ReservedمُتَحَفِّظMutahafez
Describing personality

Here are some examples of how you can use the Arabic adjectives for describing personality:

  • أحمد خجول (Ahmad Khajuul) Ahmad is shy.
  • سلمى مجتهده (Salma Mujtahida) Salma is Diligent.

4.Describing feelings

Here are some Arabic adjectives for describing feelings:

EnglishArabicPronunciation
HappyسَعِيدSa’eed
SadحَزِينHazeen
ExcitedمُتَحَمِّسMutahammis
AfraidخَائِفKhaa’if
ComfortableمُرْتَاحMurtah
AnnoyedمُنْزَعِجMunza’ij
TenseمُتَوَتِّرMutawattir
OptimisticمُتَفَائِلMutafa’il
PessimisticمُتَشَائِمMutasha’im
ExpressiveمعبرMoaber
IndecisiveمُتَرَدِّدMutaraddid
SurprisedمُتَعَجِّبMuta’ajjib
proudفخورFakhoor
ExhaustedمُستهلَكMustahlak
SavageمُتَوَحِّشMutawahhish
Describing feelings

Here are some examples of how you can use the Arabic adjectives for describing feelings:

  •  أنا فخور جدًا بك   (Ana fakhoor jiddan bika)  I’m very proud of you.

5.Describing Appearance (People).

Here are some Arabic adjectives for describing Appearance (People):

EnglishArabicPronunciation
YoungصغيرSagheer/a
OldكبيرKabeer/a
Beautiful/handsomeجَميلJameel
HandsomeوَسِيمWaseem
MaskedمُقَنِّعMuqanni’
Strange/weirdعَجِيبAjeeb
BulkyضَخْمDakhm
SkinnyنَحِيلNahil
ThickسَمِيكSmeek
ShortقَصِيرQaseer
TallطَوِيلTaweel
StingyبخيلBakhil
CheerfulفَرِحFarreh
SadحَزِينHazeen
BeardedملتحيMultahi
BaldأصلعAsl3
BloatedمُنْتَفِخMuntafikh
MessyفوضويFawdawi
Describing Appearance (People).

Here are some examples of how you can use the Arabic adjectives for describing feelings:

  • هوَ أصلع   (Huwa Asl3)  He is bald.
  • أنا حزين (Anaa Hazeen) I’m sad.

6.Describing Weather.

Here are some Arabic adjectives for describing Weather:

EnglishArabicPronunciation
HotحارHaar
ColdباردBaarid
SunnyمشمسMushmes
RainyممطرMumtir
FoggyضبابيDababi
StormyعاصفAa’sif
ThunderousرعديةRa’adiyah
HumidرطبRatib
DryجافJaaf
Freezingشديد البرودةShadid al-Baroodah
Describing Weather

Here are some examples of using these Arabic adjectives to describe the weather:

  • اليوم حار جدًا . (Al-yawm haar jiddan ) – Today is very hot .
  • الطقس بارد في فصل الشتاء. (Al-taqs baarid fi fasl al-shita) – The weather is cold in the winter season.
  • السماء مشمسة اليوم، نذهب للنزهة؟ (Al-sama’ mushmesah al-yawm, nadhab lil-nuzhah?) – The sky is sunny today, shall we go for a picnic?

Also You Can about Days of Week in Arabic.


7. Describing Appearance (Things).

Here are some Arabic adjectives for describing the appearance of things:

EnglishArabicPronunciation
smooth, softناعمNaa3im
rough, coarseخشنKhishen
cleanنظيفNathiif
dirtyقذرQathir
newجديدJadeed
oldقديمQadeem
shiny, glossyلامعLaamie
dull, fadedباهتBaahit
transparent, clearشفافShafaaf
dense, thickكثيفKathief
light, lightweightخفيفKhafief
flexible, pliableمرنMaren
hard, solidصلبSalib
Describing Appearance (Things)

Here are some examples of using these Arabic adjectives to the appearance of things:

  • المنزل نظيف (al-manzil nazif) – “The house is clean.”
  • هذا الحلق لامع ( hatha alhalq laamie) -“This ring is shiny.”

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Conclusion

 Arabic adjectives are an essential aspect of the Arabic language, used to describe qualities, identify objects and people, and indicate possession or quantity.

 Understanding the placement of adjectives in Arabic sentences is crucial, as they must agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe. By mastering Arabic adjectives, earners can improve their ability to communicate effectively in Arabic and gain a deeper understanding of the language.

After you finish reading this blog post,

Please answer the questions.

1 / 5

Translate the following word into English:

  • Anaam   أنام

2 / 5

"Today is very hot"

 

3 / 5

Translate the following word into English:

  • Jayyedجيد

4 / 5

Translate the following  word into Arabic:

  • Big

5 / 5

Translate the following word into Arabic:

  • Beautiful

Your score is

The average score is 60%

0%


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