Prepositions in the Arabic Language

The Arabic language is a rich and complex language that has been spoken for centuries. One of the fundamental components of Arabic grammar is prepositions, which help convey relationships between different parts of a sentence.

In this blog post, we will explore the basics of prepositions in the Arabic language, their various uses, and how they can be used by non-native speakers to improve their communication skills.

What are Prepositions?

Prepositions are words that describe the relationship between a noun and other words in a sentence. In the Arabic language, prepositions typically come before the noun they describe, and they can be used to indicate direction, time, location, and possession.

Some examples of Arabic prepositions include “fi” (in), “ala” (on), “min” (from), “ila” (to), and “maa” (with).

Common Prepositions in Arabic

·   Miin / مِــن / From, Some of, or One of

In the Arabic language, the preposition “مِــن” (Miin) can have multiple meanings depending on the context it is used in. It can indicate the initiation of an action from a certain place, or it can mean “some of” when referring to a group. Additionally, it can be used to indicate gender or species, meaning “one of” in this context.


  1. He is one of the doctors in the hospital. / huwa wahid min al-‘atibaa’ fee al mustashfa / هو واحد مِـن الأطباء في المستشفى.

  2. We heard a sound from the street. / Sami3na sowt miin al-shari3 / سمعنا صوت مِـن الشارع.

  3. She took some of the cookies from the plate. / akhathtu ba3d al-kukiz miin al-tabaq / أخذت بعض الكوكيز مِـن الطبق.

· Ela / إلي   / To or At


This preposition refers to destination.


I’m flying to Cairo tomorrow. / sa’usafiru ela al-qahira ghadan / سأسافر إلى القاهرة غداً.

·  3an / عَن / From or About

This preposition means “about” or “away from” something or someone.


He talked about his trip to Spain. / Tahaddath 3an rihlatihi ila Isbaniya. / تحدث عن رحلته إلى إسبانيا

·   3ala / على / On or Above

Denotes a position on top of something and translates to “on” in English.


The desk lamp is on the table. / misbah almaktab 3ala altaawilah/ مصباح المكتب على الطاولة.

· Fee / في / In or Into

Denotes a position or an action happening inside something and translates to “in” or “into” in English.


I study at the university / Ana adrusu fee al-jami3ah. / أنا أدرس في الجامعة.

· Al Ba, or simply Ba / الباء / بِ /By, With, In or At:

This preposition has multiple meanings, including “by” (to express the reason for something), “with” (to indicate accompaniment), and “in” or “at” (to denote location).


  1. My brother is in the library studying. / akhii fee al-maktabah yadrus / أخي في المكتبة يدرس
  2. You succeed by working hard. / tanjahu bel amal al jad / تنجحُ بالعملِ الجاد

·  Ka / الكاف / ك / Like or As:

This preposition is used to express simile, indicating a comparison between two things using “like” or “as”.


Time is like a sword. / Al waqtu ka al-sayf / الوقت كالسيف

· Al Llam / اللام / To or For:

This preposition can indicate either the reason for something or possession.


Students go to school to learn (for learning). / yathhabu al tulab lil madrasah lil ta’alum / يذهب الطلابُ للمدرسةِ للتعلم

·Hattaa / حتى / Until:

This preposition is used to indicate the end of something or finishing a task.


I’m going to keep studying until I get my degree. / saa astamir fee al-derasah hattaa ‘anjah/ سأستمر في الدراسه حتى أنجح


· Wa / و / And:

This preposition is used to connect multiple items or ideas together.


He is a doctor and a scientist. / howa tabeeb wa 3alim / هو طبيب وعالِم

Tips for Using Prepositions in Arabic

Here are a few tips for using prepositions in Arabic sentences:

  1. Pay attention to the noun or pronoun that the preposition is referring to.
  2. Know which preposition to use in different situations.
  3. Practice using prepositions in sentences to improve your Arabic language skills.

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The prepositions in the Arabic language be summarize as follows:

In or Intoفيfee
On or Aboveعلى3ala
From, Some of, or One ofمنMiin
to, or AtإلىEla
From or Aboutعن3an
for, toلِـli
By, With, In or Atالباء / بِAl-Ba, Be
Like or AsكَKa


Prepositions are an essential part of Arabic grammar and are used to convey relationships between different parts of a sentence.

As a non-native speaker, it can be challenging to use prepositions correctly, but with practice and patience, it can become easier.

Understanding the meanings of prepositions, memorizing common verbs and nouns, and paying attention to gender and number are all helpful tips for using prepositions correctly in Arabic.

By using prepositions correctly, you can improve your communication skills in the Arabic language and convey your message more effectively.

In addition to this blog post on Prepositions in the Arabic Language, you may find it useful to read other articles on to further enhance your Arabic language learning journey.
Like Days Of The Week In Arabic, How To Introduce Myself In Arabic and Arabic Adjectives.

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